Children’s Health

Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 30 2020 Children with multiple islet autoantibodies – biological markers of autoimmunity — are more likely to progress to symptomatic type 1 diabetes (T1D) than those who remain positive for a single autoantibody. Now, new findings from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study in the U.S.
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 29 2020 Since 2017, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers Casey Morrow, Ph.D., and Hyunmin Koo, Ph.D., have used powerful genomic tools and supercomputers that analyze massive amounts of genetic data to identify individual strains within single species of the gut microbiome. This microbiome “fingerprint” method has helped show the
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 28 2020 Handgun sales in California have risen to unprecedented levels during the COVID-19 pandemic, and experts say first-time buyers are driving the trend. The FBI conducted 462,000 background checks related to handgun purchases in California from March through September, an increase of 209,000, or 83%, from the same period
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 28 2020 Genetic factors that reduce the placenta’s capacity to protect the fetus from the zika virus are described by Brazilian researchers in an article published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. According to the authors, the findings help explain why only some babies whose mothers are infected by zika virus
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 27 2020 Research from Saint Louis University finds that high fat or “ketogenic” diets could completely prevent, or even reverse heart failure caused by a metabolic process. The research team, led by Kyle S. McCommis, Ph.D., assistant professor in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at SLU, looked at a metabolic process
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 27 2020 Findings from a new study conducted by a team of researchers at Dartmouth’s Geisel School of Medicine and published in the journal Preventive Medicine Reports, show that involving pediatric practices in the promotion of private well water testing can influence parental compliance. More than 43 million people living
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Researchers at Simon Fraser University in Canada have warned that within the school setting, even small differences in individuals’ contribution, their environment, and their activities to the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) result in highly variable sizes of transmission clusters. SARS-CoV-2 is the virus responsible for the current coronavirus disease 2019
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 22 2020 The Alzheimer’s Biomarkers Consortium – Down Syndrome (ABC-DS), a multi-institution research team, co-led by members from the University of California, Irvine, has been awarded an unprecedented five-year, $109 million grant by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to expand research on the biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease in adults
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 22 2020 Jeffery Dusek, PhD, Director of Research at University Hospitals (UH) Connor Integrative Health Network and Associate Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health at Case Western Reserve University, and colleagues were recently awarded a 3-year, $2+ million grant from the National Center of Complementary and
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 23 2020 The results of a new clinical trial, published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, show that dexamethasone- a glucocorticoid used to treat many conditions, including rheumatic problems and severe COVID-19- can boost survival of premature babies when given to pregnant women at risk of preterm birth
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 22 2020 New questions are at the forefront as a study published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology from nine children’s hospitals finds that most asymptomatic children who tested positive for COVID-19 had relatively low levels of the virus compared to symptomatic children. The authors caution that the reason for
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 23 2020 With nearly half of the world’s population at risk for life-threatening malaria infections, University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) researchers and their colleagues identified an important public health measure to control the disease. Use of preventive antimalarial treatments reduces by half the number of malaria infections among
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 21 2020 Researchers at McMaster University have found distinct effects of adversity early in life in the genomes of men compared to women who were born extremely preterm. The study, published online in the journal Development and Psychopathology, followed infants who weighed between 580 and 1000 grams at birth. The
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Oct 21 2020 To mark Allergy Awareness Week (19-25 October), two leading allergy charities are urging parents and teachers to ‘Check It, Don’t Chance It’ to ensure pupils and young adults with allergies are safe in schools. Most classrooms can expect at least one child to have a food allergy with 20% of severe food
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 19 2020 Like a cold front that moves in, setting the stage for severe weather, coronavirus infection triggers showers of infection-fighting immune molecules – showers that sometimes escalate into a chaotic immune response known as a cytokine storm. About 20 to 30 percent of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 develop severe
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In most places around the world today, testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is initially based on common symptoms. The assumption is that testing symptomatic individuals and tracing, testing, and isolating their positive contacts is the most efficient way of using limited testing resources. In the UK, the criteria for testing individuals
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